Voltaren Online Can I Buy

Torn meniscus - one of the most common internal injuries of the knee joint. Often exposed to it professional athletes, but it is possible the emergence of this disorder in people who are not related to a permanent overvoltage lower extremities. There are two types of external meniscus (lateral) and the inner (medial). Often the disease is diagnosed in people from eighteen to forty years. Children who have not attained the age of fourteen, the disorder is rare. Rupture of the medial meniscus of the knee is more common than external. Very rare simultaneous rupture of two menisci.

The main reasons due to which the disorder progresses, are too sharp bending of the tibia, or a direct blow to the knee. Symptoms suggestive of damage are considered - the emergence of a sharp pain, a significant limitation of joint movement of the damaged limb swelling as compared with a healthy leg. In the chronic form of the disease occurrence expressed in such main symptoms as mild pain, repetitive joint blockade effusion.

The treatment consists of ensuring complete peace of damaged limbs, acceptance of anti-inflammatory medications, physical therapy and physical therapy exercises. In the absence of the effectiveness of this therapy is performed to suture the meniscus with special stitches and designs, as well as its complete or partial removal. During the recovery period limb mobility after the surgery, rehabilitation procedures prescribed physiotherapy and therapeutic massage.

The most common cause of manifestation of meniscus tear is an injury in which the lower leg rotates inward sharply, in such cases, the lateral meniscus is damaged, or out - torn medial meniscus.

Other predisposing factors are:

  • excessive flexion of the knee under the influence of gravity;
  • a sharp retraction of leg;
  • rheumatism and gout - the main causes of degenerative rupture, in which there is the formation of cysts;
  • secondary trauma, injuries or tension;
  • strong physical exertion at high body mass;
  • long twist on one leg;
  • Running on uneven surfaces;
  • congenital anomaly of functioning as a weakness of the joints and ligaments;
  • inflammation in the knee of a chronic nature.
  • In addition, the meniscus damage may be total and partial, with or without an offset. posterior horn of the medial meniscus rupture is more common than the front. In chronic flow of illness or untimely treatment can be observed damage to cartilage and anterior cruciate ligament. The recovery period will be considerably longer than in the acute form of the disease.

    With long-standing form of the disease is the gap with less soreness. A significant manifestation of the pain only occurs when the exercise. Often there is a complete inability to perform independent movements. It is considered severe degree course - the operation is assigned to eliminate. This character of the disease is characterized by the fact that is difficult to diagnose rupture, causing difficult to start any treatment (meniscus tear symptoms are similar to symptoms of some other disorders of the musculoskeletal system).

    Diagnostics

    Meniscus tear diagnosis is established on the basis of complaints of the patient, the degree of manifestation of symptoms, the survey specialist damaged area of ​​the limb. In addition, you must inform your doctor about the possible causes of the disease.

    To authenticate this disease carried out instrumental examinations:

  • X-ray with contrast;
  • US - makes it possible to detect the degenerative processes, tears the anterior or posterior horn of the medial meniscus, joint mobility and to assess the degree of separation of the meniscus;
  • CT;
  • MRI - the most informative method of diagnosing rupture of the meniscus of the knee. It provides the ability to detect the disorder in the form of a damaged meniscus, as well as the location of the disease - the lateral or medial meniscus; arthroscopy - to determine the cause of the disease development. It can be used not only as a diagnostic method, but still used to treat.
  • During the specialist diagnostic measures necessary to differentiate this disease from other disorders with similar symptoms of a meniscus tear. These ailments include - the gap cruciate ligament, reflex contracture, osteochondritis dissecans, fractures of the condyles of the tibia.

    Treatment

    If you have the first signs of a meniscus tear should immediately go to the hospital or call an ambulance. Waiting for the arrival of doctors need to administer first aid to the victim - to ensure complete immobilization of the affected limb, make cold on the knee, but no more than thirty minutes. If the pain does not decrease - to give an anesthetic. In most cases, patients go to the doctor with considerable damage to the meniscus, and the presence of the consequences, why not only treatment, but also rehabilitation, will take a lot of time.