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Tenosynovitis - inflammation of the connective tissue membranes surrounding the tendon occurs in acute and chronic forms.

All inflammation of the tendons are divided into the following types:

Constrictive tenosynovitis. This disease is also called tenosynovitis of the elbow, knee, ankle, hip, and other joints. Most often inflamed anatomical formation of the long abductor of the thumb, that is, those tendons, with which you attach to your finger in the direction. In addition, the disease affects the extensor short thumb. As a result of motion of the joint of the thumb inflammation limited. If tenosynovitis flows into the chronic form, the shells on the joint and tendon scars appear. If a person begins treatment, the joint is locked in a short time. By the way, this form of the disease manifests itself most often in women;

Tuberculous tenosynovitis. This disease appears in the background of defeat TB organism wand. This form affects the carpal synovial sheath tendon. Hand swells and limited movement of the fingers. Surprisingly, this kind of disease is painless. In most cases, the disease occurs in people older than 18 years;

Inflammatory chronic tenosynovitis. The process flow of this form is similar to the course of tuberculous tenosynovitis. As a result of the disease often occurs with rheumatoid arthritis. A specialist can make an accurate diagnosis only after analyzing the effusion (to detect bacterial flora).

Symptoms and mechanism of the disease also depends on where the inflammation appeared specifically:

Ailment ankle. In this case, the tendons themselves look like in a conventional manner, but in the tissues that surround them, is liquid. Often inflammation of the ankle joint - is a consequence of rheumatoid arthritis, or mechanical stress on tendons. In this case a person suffers from pain that occurs in the back, middle or front of the foot. In some cases, inflammation of the ankle joint can be shown by unpleasant sensations in the whole foot. As a rule, the pain increases with prolonged standing or, on the contrary, long walks. In some instances the ankle tenosynovitis occurs because flatfoot. If the pain is searing, it has a neurogenic character. In some cases, discomfort in the area of ​​the ankle joint result from back pain. Then the discomfort increases after the tension and / or lift the straight leg;

Inflammation of the knee joint. If the knee sharply increased in volume, then consult a doctor immediately. This is a sure sign of the knee joint inflammation. This phenomenon is caused by the formation of the joint capsule in a special liquid, the amount of which increases during stimulation of the synovial membrane. This causes the liquid and tenosynovitis knee joint, whereby the free movement of the foot is greatly complicated. Typically, the pain in the knee area is small and has a blunt character. If the disease spills over into the acute form, the person begins to feel a sharp pain;

The defeat of the long head of the biceps. This disease is also called tenosynovitis of the biceps. Most often this disease affects swimmers and tennis players, that is, people involved in this sport, which requires repeatedly performing hand movements over the head. Inflammation of the long head of the biceps appears as a consequence of over-voltage of the biceps, and it is localized in the upper-front shoulder section. Sometimes, the disease moves to the tendon of the elbow;

De Quervain's disease. This disease is the result of an overload of the thumb or wrist. Inflammation can occur not only in humans, constantly straining his hands by virtue of their profession (seamstress, pianists, porters, mechanics), but also housewives and gardeners. In the latter case, de Quervain's disease is caused due to a hand injury. Often the disease develops very slowly, so people put off a visit to the doctor and did not start proper treatment. If de Quervain's disease is caused by trauma, the inflammation manifests itself very quickly. In this case, the danger lies in the fact that the treatment of a person for a long time, is aimed at getting rid of the injury symptoms, and experts can simply ignore the fact that the illness has long moved to de Quervain's tenosynovitis.

The main symptom progression of this inflammation is pain in the base of the thumb and below as well as at the edge of the wrist joint. In some cases unpleasant sensations spread to the elbow or shoulder. The nature of the pain of illness de Quervain in all patients is different. Some people complain of aching pain of a permanent nature, while others are uncomfortable only when active movements.

In order to inflammation of the knee, ankle, wrist (de Quervain's disease) or elbow joint did not lead to tragic consequences, it is necessary to conduct timely and competent treatment. The method of treatment depends on the type of disease and place of its location:

Medications. This treatment involves the use of anti-inflammatory drugs "Voltaren". Relaxing inflammation, pharmacological law decay lead to edema and reduce pain. Remember that self-treatment can not give any results (or even lead to complications);

Physiotherapy. This method is aimed at accelerating the metabolism in the inflamed area. Specialists use such methods: laser and magnetic therapy, ultrasound and ultraviolet light, electrophoresis. In some cases, therapeutic massage is used;

Joint puncture. If chronic tenosynovitis progresses, the professionals choose this method of treatment. The doctor removes excess synovial joint fluid, and all that is formed due to inflammation. In some cases, introduced hormonal agents that stop inflammation in the affected area.