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Post-traumatic arthritis - a disease of the joints that occurs as a consequence of mechanical damage to the cartilage, ligaments, menisci, tendons, joint capsules. The most common of this type of arthritis suffer from knee and ankle joints.

If a serious injury, the mobility of the joint is broken immediately after a traumatic exposure. In the event of violations of the mobility of micro traumas develop gradually. Therefore it is very important to start treatment as soon as possible after the injury has been received. Then the result of the treatment of the disease is favorable.

For sufficiently strong inflammation possible fever, leukocytosis, fever. The emergence of leukocytosis is often mistaken for the presence of an infectious agent. The speed of onset of symptoms of the disease indicates the flow rate.

In case of any symptoms immediately after the damage can speak with confidence about the acute post-traumatic arthritis, where it is recommended to urgently hospitalize the patient and begin treatment. Chronic diseases cause some difficulties in diagnosis and treatment.

The causes of post-traumatic arthritis are closed injuries, followed by bleeding into the joint cavity, injuries which are accompanied by tears and fissures of the articular cartilage. Moreover, the cause of arthritis may become dislocated, whereby the joint capsules and ligaments are torn.

In post-traumatic arthritis symptoms are not particularly different from other types of arthritis, and has the following features:
swelling of the blood vessels on the ground connection;
aches near the site of injury;
limited movements;
tenderness in the affected area;
crunch and other discomfort.

Less common symptoms can be seen on the current International Classification of Diseases.

If the injury, which was caused by the disease, was strong, it can start complications immediately after inflammation of joint damage. Such progression of the disease can lead to leukemia, fever and fever. The last criterion is rather revealing, so if the temperature is increased during the day after the injury, it is necessary to seek medical help. When seen leukocytosis, you need to carefully examine the other factors so as not to take it as an infectious disease.

The above symptoms may be a week or two after the injury, but if most of them have already been seen on the first day, it testifies to the acuteness and severity of the disease. It should be diagnosed in the post-traumatic arthritis of the knee, and other tissues.

Diagnostics Holding

Early identification of the disease greatly increase the chances of a quick recovery without surgery. That is why, seeing clear signs of post-traumatic arthritis, you need to go to the hospital, to pass some tests and get tested:

Blood and urine tests will give information about the level of the doctor and the rate of progression of the inflammatory process.
Immunological analysis allows you to check the blood for antibodies to choose the right method of treatment.
Biochemical analysis of blood will determine the level of chemicals produced in the biological fluid. At this stage the disease can be distinguished from the rest.
X-rays of the joints - find purulent fluid in the articular joints.
Computed tomography allows you to get the maximum information from the images of the internal state of the damaged area.
Magnetic resonance imaging is most accurately detect all the defects in the cartilage and articular structures.
Arthroscopy - extreme, but quite effective method, which is a small operation. For internal inspection of the joints under the skin of microscopic instruments are introduced. They can also stop the bleeding and remove the excess liquid.
Ultrasound detects possible changes in the articular cavity and soft tissue.

Treatment of post-traumatic arthritis

The process of the treatment of any disease of the joints is long, especially in a state of neglect. First of all, you need to determine the exact localization of lesions and to study their character. If intra-articular lesions are seen, it is required to prevent the spread of infection by removing the effects of hemorrhage. If not, the patient is assigned to a therapy for the treatment of knee (shoulder) joint. The therapy includes drugs such as "Voltaren".

If the pain does not stop and steroidal agents have not brought the efficiency, moving to the use of hormonal drugs to combat inflammation. When the injury was not significant and there is no need for serious medical intervention, will be useful:physiotherapy; massage; other physiotherapy.

If you ignore these lessons, you can get joint stiffness due to the accretion of bone. The main thing is what you need to make before the physical stresses - whether intra-articular fracture. In no case can not be given once a heavy load, so as not to damage the affected area even more. The amplitude of the training should be increased gradually.This will help to recover and regain its former knee (shoulder) joint health.

Before physiotherapy is important to take advantage of pre-inflammatory creams for warming the joints. It is recommended to use products based on herbal (chamomile, tarragon, series, horsetail, burdock), a part of which has glucosamine and collagen hydrolyzate. With these components increases the efficiency and insight lotions, and they help to remove pains and inflammation.

Unfortunately, few of the victims drew attention to his injury, but fast enough such patients can get to the hospital, and not always of their own volition. Very often, the only way out is surgery: for the treatment of knee (shoulder), post-traumatic arthritis, joint replacement is used. In this procedure, the patient's diseased joint is removed and changed to artificial. After a month of rehabilitation of people is gradually returning to the familiar life.