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Osteoarthritis - this disease is not only the joints but also the non-inflammatory nature of the joint cartilage is chronic. Osteoarthritis occurs in small steps, not immediately. To get started you just feel tingling sharp character in the knee joints. Going down the stairs, I felt little pain. It is, of course, take place in a couple of seconds. But the disease will develop, and after a while you will become a bad sleep at night, because your joints will hurt badly. Usually, people go to the doctor only when quite difficult to walk. And very much in vain, because it is easier to cure the disease in the early stages of development.

If osteoarthritis has already developed to an advanced stage, the changes will not be reversed. But this is not an incurable disease, as if in time to see a doctor, you can prevent unpleasant consequences.

The knee has cartilage, which reduces pressure on the mating bone. When healthy cartilage is getting enough fluid so that when a certain load to squeeze it into the joint. Then the lubricant appear in the joint. But the destruction of cartilage, this function is not able to run.

Of all the diseases that are associated with osteoarthritis of the joints is the most common.

Most often the disease affects the female at the age from 45 to 55 years. If we talk about age, after 60 years, in this case with deforming osteoarthritis faced by virtually all.

Symptoms of osteoarthritis

Intrigue of osteoarthritis of joints is that its appearance on X-ray observed in very many, but people do not experience any particular discomfort, pain syndromes.

In most cases, symptoms develop incrementally. The first sign should be considered:
pain, which intensified even when trying to implement physical activity;
in some cases the joint stiffness in the morning syndrome. It runs for a maximum of an hour after the patient began a regular exercise;
because of the worsening of the general health and joints, they are much less mobile;
attempt to touch or carry the movement joints that are painful.

After the formation of the primary manifestations of osteoarthritis in 90% of cases continues its slow progression, than causing mobility impairments. But in some cases, degenerative processes in the joints may for some time to stop or begin to regress.

At the same time, in the joint damage gets bigger, it loses the usual degree of mobility and can be locked in a bent position. Bone, cartilage and other tissues are getting bigger, that provokes a sharp increase in the joint. There coarsening of cartilage, in this regard, the implementation of specific movements and heard unusual sounds. In the joints, which are located at the tips of the fingers are formed so-called "bone nodules", which substantially impede movement.

It is important to remember that the algorithm of formation of disease in the knee and hip joints are quite different from each other. Osteoarthritis of the knee joint are experiencing tension and, at the same time lose their stability. While in the opposite hip apparent marked deterioration motility and functionality. The common is the appearance of severe pain.

Another common sign of illness should be considered as pain in the lumbar region. Minor pain and stiffness are formed as a result of damage to the joints in the spine.

In more rare cases, when there is compression of the blood vessels, diagnosed visual function disorder, dizziness, and nausea and vomiting. In addition, the growth of bone tissue may exert pressure on the esophagus and provoking serious difficulties when trying to swallow food.

Thus, the symptoms of osteoarthritis of the joints more than obvious, and mix them with any other illness is difficult enough.

Causes of osteoarthritis

To osteoarthritis appeared necessary for several reasons. First - this is the age, because with age the cartilage loses its ability to function properly and to absorb or release fluid. Because of this, cartilage cracks. It can be very "wear out" and become thinner or disappear altogether.

In the normal state of health at the time of the motion in the joints, a sufficiently low friction. This joints do not "age" for a long time, especially if they are not to overload too much, or if they have not been damaged.

Osteoarthritis of the first order is formed, as a result of disruption of those cells that synthesize the constituent elements of the cartilage. Because of the joint cartilage begins to lose its elasticity, it becomes thinner and eventually crack. It looks like this: smooth and slippery surface of the cartilage becomes rough surface, as a result of the joint can no longer continue habitual work.

It is also noted the difficulty of the articular surfaces of sliding, there is a kind of crunch, combined with the painful sensations and limited movement.