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Swelling of the ankle joint - is swelling and inflammation of the soft tissues, characterized by pain and a feeling of discomfort. Depending on the cause of the problem, the swelling can be quite pronounced or virtually invisible.

Swelling of the knee - a reaction to any damage or inflammation. This condition is characterized by mostly small swelling of tissues and muscles located around the knee.

It causes swelling of joints

Gout, in most cases it provokes a strong swelling of the tissue and the sensation of pain when walking. This is due to the fact that within the joint formed by an overabundance of uric acid, which is not excreted in the urine.

Artrit- is a very common disease, due to which the cartilage begins to degenerate, then stiffen, as a result of the friction of deformed appendages each other, there is swelling. Often is the companion of elderly people.

Osteoarthritis often leads to severe swelling. They are formed due to the fact that synovial fluid is released as a result of severe inflammation, but it extends beyond the joint capsule, as the latter is subject to deformation.

When bursitis and synovitis often occur edema, as all the same synovial fluid or incorrectly allocated or accumulates in the wrong place.

Psoriatic arthritis is always associated with skin disease, bearing the name - psoriasis. This arthritis toes, stimulates the formation of a small swelling in the ankle joint.

Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease. As a result of the failure of the immune system arise disease to healthy tissue, often it affects the ankle.

Upon infection, after a traumatic penetration of bacteria in the ankle often occurs its inflammation, and as a consequence, and swelling. This condition is called septic arthritis.

Peripheral edema, which are related to the fact that there are problems in the blood circulation. As a rule, become swollen once both legs.

Soft tissue infections that can be caused by viruses and bacteria.

With regard to the swelling of the knee, it is often they arise as a result of a number of diseases:

Osteoarthritis most commonly affects the patella, namely his back, leading to deformation of the joint, so that above the knee begins to gather the liquid, and this leads to swelling. Such conditions also cause sepsis and rheumatoid arthritis and gout.

Often the cause of swelling in the knee meniscus becomes a cyst. At the same time, the larger it is, the stronger will be noticeable swelling.

Stifle sometimes swells when stratifying osteohandrite when cartilage necrosis occurs with the separation of loose bodies in his area.

Bursitis causes swelling in the lower front surface of the patella. It is caused by inflammation and congestion itself bursa synovial fluid therein.

The symptoms that accompany joint swelling

Depending on what caused that caused swelling of the joint as the knee and the ankle, will be different and a number of accompanying swelling symptoms:

Gout and arthritis accompanied by edema itself not only swelling of tissues and painful sensations in the joint, and muscle.

In psoriatic arthritis, in addition to the swelling observed red spots located throughout the body, covered with scales, and there is a swelling of the joints in the fingers and toes.

Septic arthritis in addition to swelling in the joints, impersonating the presence of fever.

If the skin around the knee bursitis is not only swollen, but also red, may be hot to the touch and accompanied by severe pain.

If the swelling has occurred as a result of the injury, he will be accompanied by severe pain, even at rest.

Joint swelling Treatment

Before starting the treatment of edema in the ankle and the knee, it is necessary to determine the reasons for its cause. In order to make the correct diagnosis, it is necessary to address their complaints to the therapist!

There are several ways that you can apply at home, in order to slightly reduce swelling arisen. To do this, place the swelling of tissues necessary to apply a cold compress. You can also use analgesic ointments. If you do not become easier, then clearly you need to see a doctor!

Most often, patients who are identified as serious diseases, such as arthritis, bursitis or arthritis doctor prescribes nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs Voltaren. To increase the effectiveness of exercise therapy can be performed exercises, as well as to attend physiotherapy. Often, patients are offered to revise your diet and switch to a certain diet. A comprehensive approach to the treatment of diseases of the knee and ankle joints often gives a positive result. There is always worth remembering that the swelling - this is not a disease but merely a consequence of certain irregularities in the work of a joint or body as a whole. Therefore, to eliminate it - does not mean to get rid of the disease, because after a short time he will appear again. Only a well-composed therapeutic scheme based on a number of studies, will help a person to feel healthy again. Moreover, often require surgery, immobilization and orthotics.