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Coxarthrosis is a common disease diagnosed mainly in patients group of middle and old age as a degenerative disease of the hip joint. Coxarthrosis, symptoms of which during the late stages of its course are shown in the form of muscle atrophy infestation of affected area in combination with the shortening of the limbs, it develops gradually, in a period of several years.

Coxarthrosis or how else can be called a disease, deforming arthrosis or osteoarthritis of the hip joint until the later stages of the effects specific to them, in the common flow is accompanied by pain accompanied by limitation of joint mobility. Koksartroza reasons can be very different, and although the defeat, as we have already noted, are exposed mainly patients of middle and old age (40 years or more), this disease occurs in the age earlier.

Like many other diseases, coxarthrosis can be cured during the initial stages of its manifestations, however, many patients ignore those initially weak manifestations of the disease, which points to it, losing time in which allows for the full recovery without the need for surgical intervention. Coxarthrosis, meanwhile, all will also continue to progress, and treatment, which still have to resort later will have already more serious, as well as consequences.

So, before we proceed to examine the disease, is not superfluous to dwell on the features of the area, which defeated when it occurs, in particular, consider the structure of the hip joint./p>

The hip joint is formed by the femoral and iliac bones. As part of the pelvic bone is the acetabulum, which is formed by a kind of bowl, this bowl is a spherical femoral head. Articulated, acetabular articular head to form a joint, due to which, in turn, it is possible to perform a variety of rotational movements. Under normal conditions the femoral head with the acetabulum cavity has a natural "lining" in the form of the articular (hyaline) cartilage. This lining has a considerable strength and at the same time, the smoothness, and these characteristics determine the possibility of sliding for ideal bone articulated with each other. In addition to this possibility, this articular cartilage and also acts as a shock absorber, effectively distributing the load that occurs during walking and movement.

It provides such features and special slip physiology, which has cartilage. Its function can be compared with the actions by using a wet sponge, which is under a pressure on it allocates water, and at the termination of such an impact again absorbs it into himself. Meanwhile, unlike a sponge of cartilage it is similar to that in the mechanism of action is released no water, but as may be the reader guess synovial fluid. This fluid has a specific lubricating characteristics, causes the possibility of joint operation by forming a protective film on the surface of the cartilage. The thickness of this layer determines the analogous example with a sponge degree of load, respectively, the determining factor in favor of its formation the pressure force.

Ensuring supply of cartilage, as well as its lubricant produced by the same joint fluid that fills the available space within the joint cavity. The cavity, in turn, is surrounded by a kind of capsule-based fibrous fibers.

Gluteal and thigh muscle is given no less important role in the functions of the hip joint. If these muscles are insufficiently developed state, the joints can not move properly. Again, part of the load that occurs when running and walking, and rests on the muscles - in this case they act as articular cartilage, as a shock absorber. Accordingly, when a sufficient degree of development of the muscles thighs and gluteal muscles, the load due to a developed reduced, reduced and the degree of trauma, which is relevant in the case of long-term walking and running, or jumping movements failed.

In addition to these features the muscle and also perform other, equally important function. It consists in the fact that their work is the motor that determines their function as a kind of type of pump, which produces considerable volumes of blood pumping through their vessels. This ensures improved blood circulation around the joint, which in turn delivers it to the more essential nutrients. Thus, better muscle work performed, the better the blood circulation occurs, the more receive nutrients may account for the joint.

As for the features of coxarthrosis mechanism, it is based primarily on the change in the quality of the joint fluid, which in this case becomes thick and viscous. As a result, the surface of hyaline cartilage begins to dry out and lose its inherent smoothness, gradually covered with cracks. Developing thus the roughness leads to the fact that the cartilage during movement constantly injured, resulting in thinning, while exacerbating a pathological condition of the joint.

Gradual progression of the disease leads to bone deformation due to the need to adapt to the pressure exerted on them. Changes subject and metabolism, directly associated with affects the joints. As part of the later stages, initially we have noted, the muscles of the affected limb coxarthrosis gain expressed the degree of atrophy.